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Excavations
at
Valshni
Village,
Arizona

Cover
Copyright

2002 Editor's Foreword

1973 Editor's Foreword

Author's Preface

Table of Contents

List of Figures

List of Tables

Regional & vicinity maps

Introduction

Habitat

Methods

Dating

Architecture
Vamori
Topawa
Non-architectural Features
Pottery
Local
Intrusive
Misc. Clay Objects
Burial

Stonework

Bonework

Shellwork

Summary and Conclusions

Appendix: Canal

Bibliography

2000 notes

Valshni Village logo


Shellwork

Shellwork was relatively abundant at Valshni Village. Eighty-four items are listed in the following summary. There were many more fragments of bracelets, pendants, and other bits of shell too fragmentary to classify.


Beads

Disc Beads

Total sample:

3

Species:

Pecten

Size:

5.5 - 10 mm.

Remarks:

These are similar to the disc beads found at Snaketown in the Santa Cruz and Sacaton Phases (Gladwin et al., 1937: Figure 54, a and b).

Tubular Beads

Total sample:

1

Species:

vermetus

Size:

Length:
1.4 cm.

Diameter:
0.6 cm.

Remarks:

This bead is similar to the cylindrical type which first appeared at Snaketown in the late Santa Cruz Phase (Gladwin et al., 1937: Figure 54, c). This bead differs in that the perforation is the same diameter throughout.

Fig. 28. Shellwork
Figure 28. Shellwork (Courtesy Arizona State Museum)
a - e - whole shell pendants
f - modified umbo bracelet
g - unmodified umbo bracelet
h - she11 disc
i - ring
j - carved shell pendant


Better quality image Higher resolution image (1160 x 822 pixels, 156 KB)

Pendants

Whole Shell Pendants (Fig. 28, a - e)

Type I

Total sample:

16

Species:

Pecten

Phase:
Vamori, 10
Topawa, 2
unplaced, 2

Remarks:

Perforated at umbo.

Type II

Total sample:

1

Species:

conus

Phase:

Vamori

Remarks:

Perforated through the side; the spire end was not ground off.

Type III

Total sample:

1

Species:

Cerithium

Phase:

Vamori

Type IV

Total sample:

1

Species:

Glycymeris (small)

Phase:

Vamori

Remarks:

Manufactured by grinding the shell around the umbo; there is a perforation through the umbo.

Fig. 29. Valshni Village shellwork Figure 29. Shellwork (Courtesy Arizona State Museum)
a, carved bird
b - c, carved pendants.


Cut Shell Pendants

Total sample:

6

Species:

Pecten, 3
Glycymeris, 3

Phase:

Vamori, 4
Topawa, 2

Remarks:

Two of these pendants were cut in the form of animals (Fig. 29, b, c); three were in geometric shapes (Fig. 28, j); one was too fragmentary to classify.

Bracelets

Total sample:

43

Type I

Sample:

20

Characteristic:

Modified umbo (Fig. 28, f)

Phase:

Vamori

Type II

Sample:

19

Characteristic:

Unmodified umbo (Fig. 28,g)

Phase:

Vamori, 8
Topawa, 5
Unplaced, 6

Remarks:

Every one of the shell bracelets with one exception was of the species Glycymeris; the one exception was unidentified. Almost every shell bracelet was perforated at the umbo; some may have been used as pendants. Every modified umbo bracelet occurred in the Vamori Phase. Only one bracelet fragment was found which had an incised pattern on the exterior.

Rings (Fig. 28, i)

Total sample:

7

Species:

Glycymeris

Phase:

Vamori

Remarks:

Three specimens have modified umbos; one of these has a groove around the middle of the outside.

Discs (Fig. 28, h)

Total sample:

2

Species:

Pecten

Size:

1.4 cm. in diameter

Phase:

Vamori

Remarks:

One disc was not perforated, while the second exhibits the evidence for the beginning of a central perforation.

Miscellaneous

Total sample:

1

Form:

Bird (Fig. 29, a)

Species:

Pecten

Phase:

Vamori

Size:

Originally, 7.0 cm. wide; 2.4 cm. high

Remarks:

This was not a pendant, as there is no perforation. The craftsmanship shown on this bird is excellent. The edges and sides were smoothed down.

Discussion

Shellwork was well represented at Valshni Village and rare at Jackrabbit Ruin (Scantling, 1940:58-60). The shellwork of the Vamori and Topawa Phases presaged the shellwork of the Sells Phase except for bead types and a shell trumpet at Jackrabbit Ruin. These beads and the trumpet have no known precursors in Papagueria.

The carved shell shows, in part, a high degree of craftsmanship; however, it is not known whether these were locally manufactured or traded in. The ornament types at Valshni Village are very similar to those of the Hohokam to the north. It appears quite possible that local craftsmen did not produce the more finely crafted shell items.




. Shellwork
Top of page



Table of Contents
Summary & conclusions .


Table of Contents
(Sequencing left to right, top to bottom)

Cover

Copyright

2002 Editor's Foreword

1973 Editor's Foreword

Author's Preface

Table of Contents

List of Figures

List of Tables

Regional & vicinity maps

Introduction

Habitat

Methods

Dating

Architecture

Vamori Architecture

Topawa Architecture

Non-architectural Features

Pottery

Local pottery

Intrusive pottery

Misc. Clay Objects

Burial

Stonework

Bonework

Shellwork

Summary and Conclusions

Appendix: Canal

Bibliography

2000 notes



Walter 'Dutch' Duering
PO Box 8429
Phoenix, AZ 85066-8429
United States

duering@stockmorehouse.com