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Excavations
at
Valshni
Village,
Arizona

Cover
Copyright

2002 Editor's Foreword

1973 Editor's Foreword

Author's Preface

Table of Contents

List of Figures

List of Tables

Regional & vicinity maps

Introduction

Habitat

Methods

Dating

Architecture
Vamori
Topawa
Non-architectural Features
Pottery
Local
Intrusive
Misc. Clay Objects
Burial

Stonework

Bonework

Shellwork

Summary and Conclusions

Appendix: Canal

Bibliography

2000 notes

Valshni Village logo


Bonework

Wood has been suggested in the section on stonework, as the principal material for implements. The evidence at Valshni Village for bonework being scarce, would tend to support this hypothesis. Fourteen artifacts of bone were recovered, consisting of two awl types and one miscellaneous object.


Fig. 27. Bone awls (low quality image)
Figure 27. Bone awls (very poor image quality)
a, Type I
b, c, d, Type II


Better quality image Higher image quality (1031 x 470 pixels, 57 KB)

Awls

Total sample:

13

Type I

Sample:

8

The head of this awl type (Fig. 27, a), was unaltered except for the original splitting (see Kidder, 1932:211).

Seven were too fragmentary for accurate measurements, the eighth was 17 cm. long. This type was, in general, a heavy awl manufactured by splitting a leg bone of a deer and grinding the edges smooth.

Type II

Sample:

5

A splinter awl (Fig. 27, b - d), manufactured by sharpening the jagged point of a bone fragment (see Kidder, 1932:213). These measured 5.8 cm. - 8.5 cm.

Miscellaneous

A deer leg bone from which rings, 1.4 cm. long had been cut. There were incisions marked on the bone preparatory to cutting more rings.



. Stonework
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Table of Contents
Shellwork .


Table of Contents
(Sequencing left to right, top to bottom)

Cover

Copyright

2002 Editor's Foreword

1973 Editor's Foreword

Author's Preface

Table of Contents

List of Figures

List of Tables

Regional & vicinity maps

Introduction

Habitat

Methods

Dating

Architecture

Vamori Architecture

Topawa Architecture

Non-architectural Features

Pottery

Local pottery

Intrusive pottery

Misc. Clay Objects

Burial

Stonework

Bonework

Shellwork

Summary and Conclusions

Appendix: Canal

Bibliography

2000 notes



Walter 'Dutch' Duering
PO Box 8429
Phoenix, AZ 85066-8429
United States

duering@stockmorehouse.com